Special needs parenting

Effective Treatment Options for Sensory Processing Disorder

May 11, 2023

Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) is a condition that affects a person’s ability to process and respond to sensory information correctly. It can cause significant challenges in daily life, affecting physical, emotional, and social well-being. SPD can affect both children and adults and can manifest in different ways, including difficulty processing sounds, light, touch, taste, and smell.

Effective treatment options for SPD are available to help individuals overcome the challenges associated with the condition. In this blog post, we will explore some of the most effective treatment options for SPD and how they can help improve the quality of life for those affected by the disorder.

Sensory Integration Therapy

Sensory Integration Therapy is one of the most popular treatments for SPD. The goal of this therapy is to help individuals better process sensory information by engaging them in playful activities that challenge their senses. Sensory Integration Therapy is typically led by an occupational therapist who specializes in sensory integration techniques.

The therapy involves activities such as swinging, jumping on a trampoline, playing with textured materials, or crawling through tunnels. These activities stimulate the senses and help individuals learn how to integrate sensory input more effectively.

Research has shown that Sensory Integration Therapy can be highly effective in improving sensory integration skills in children with SPD. However, it is essential to note that this therapy may not work for everyone.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy is another popular treatment option for those with SPD. Occupational therapists work with individuals to develop self-care skills such as dressing and feeding themselves while also addressing sensory challenges.

The goal of occupational therapy is to help individuals with SPD become more independent in their daily lives by addressing their unique sensory needs. This may involve creating a sensory diet plan tailored to an individual’s specific needs or modifying environments to minimize sensory triggers.

Occupational therapy has been shown to be effective in improving self-care skills and reducing sensory challenges in individuals with SPD. It is essential to work with a licensed occupational therapist who has experience working with individuals with SPD for optimal results.

Speech Therapy

Speech Therapy may be recommended for individuals with SPD who have difficulty processing auditory information. Speech therapists work with individuals to develop language and communication skills, which can be challenging for those with SPD.

The therapy may involve activities such as listening games, speech drills, and social skills training. Speech therapy can help individuals improve their communication skills and better understand spoken language, which can significantly improve their quality of life.

Physical Therapy

Physical Therapy may be recommended for individuals with SPD who have difficulties with motor coordination. Physical therapists work with individuals to develop gross motor skills such as crawling, walking, or running.

The therapy may also involve exercises that promote balance, strength, and coordination. Physical therapy can help individuals improve their motor skills and overall physical health, which can lead to improved confidence and independence in daily life.

Behavioral Therapy

Behavioral Therapy may be recommended for individuals with SPD who struggle with emotional regulation or behavioral issues. Behavioral therapists work with individuals to identify triggers that cause emotional outbursts or challenging behaviors and develop strategies to manage them effectively.

The therapy may involve cognitive-behavioral techniques such as mindfulness meditation or relaxation training. Behavioral therapy can help individuals learn how to manage their emotions more effectively, leading to improved social interactions, reduced anxiety levels, and better overall mental health.

Play Therapy

Play Therapy is a form of therapy that involves using play as a means of communication between the therapist and the individual. Play therapy can be beneficial for children with SPD who have difficulty expressing themselves verbally.

The therapy may involve activities such as drawing, painting, or playing with toys. Play therapy can help children learn how to express themselves and develop social skills through play, leading to improved communication and overall emotional well-being.

Parent Education

Parent Education is a crucial part of any treatment plan for individuals with SPD. Parents play a vital role in helping their children manage their sensory challenges in daily life.

Parent education may involve learning about sensory integration techniques or developing strategies to minimize sensory triggers at home. Parent education can help parents better understand their child’s unique needs and provide them with the tools they need to support their child effectively.

Diet Therapy

Diet Therapy is a treatment option that involves changing an individual’s diet to reduce sensory challenges. Certain foods may trigger sensory issues in individuals with SPD, so modifying the diet can help reduce these triggers.

Diet therapy may involve eliminating certain foods from the diet or introducing new foods that are rich in nutrients that support healthy brain function. Diet therapy can help improve overall health and well-being while reducing sensory challenges associated with SPD.

Medication Therapy

Medication Therapy is typically reserved for individuals with severe SPD who have not responded well to other treatments. Medications such as antidepressants or antipsychotics may be prescribed to manage symptoms such as anxiety or depression.

It is essential to work closely with a healthcare provider when considering medication therapy for SPD, as these medications can have significant side effects and should only be used when necessary.

Coping Strategies

Coping Strategies are essential for individuals with SPD to manage their symptoms effectively. Coping strategies may include activities such as deep breathing, mindfulness meditation, or exercise.

It is essential to work with a licensed therapist to develop coping strategies that are tailored to an individual’s unique needs. Coping strategies can help individuals manage their sensory challenges effectively and improve their overall quality of life.


Effective treatment options for SPD are available to help individuals overcome the challenges associated with the condition. Sensory Integration Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Speech Therapy, Physical Therapy, Behavioral Therapy, Play Therapy, Parent Education, Diet Therapy, Medication Therapy, and Coping Strategies are all viable treatment options that can significantly improve an individual’s quality of life.

If you or someone you know is struggling with SPD, it is essential to seek professional help from a licensed therapist who specializes in treating the condition. With the right treatment plan and support, individuals with SPD can learn how to manage their symptoms effectively and lead happy, healthy lives.